Archaeological monuments of Khakassia

The co-worker with Peter the Great, German scientist occupied with Russian service Gottlieb Messerschmidt carried out exploration of a kurgan* near Abakan city in the territory of modern Khakassia in January, 1722. These were the world's first archaeological excavations.

Around 30 thousand objects of ancient history are found in Khakassia. This where they still discover monuments of stone age culture, as well as later epochs. Ancient burials called kurgans and that look like stone sculptures and rock paintings are scattered throughout Khakassia. Sometimes archaeological monument appeared as a whole nature area. For example Sunduk mountain range. Scientists draw conclusion that on the top of the Sunduk there was the oldest observatory of 13 to 14 thousand years old. Ancient astronomers used special features of the landscape including giant stone, rocks with excavation to observe the moon to set and the sun to rise and define constellation arrangement. Another cultural heritage of Khakassia is Scyths kurgan, located in Salbyksky steppe. The presenter Alexandr Uvarov made a journey to the past centuries. He learnt why the Scyths were mentioned as the Centaurus in Chinese chronics, and who the Great Salbyksky kurgan was constructed for. *Kurgan is a East Slavic word for a tumulus, a type of burial mound or barrow, heaped over a burial chamber, often of wood